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新西方GRE中心词汇考法精析 List31:Unit3

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milieu .
【考法 1】 n. 情况,气氛: the physical or social setting in which something occurs or develops
【例】 Young, innovative artists thrive in the freewheeling milieu that a big city offers. 在谁人多数市所提供的自在气氛中,年老而富有发明力的艺术家们的奇迹发达开展。‖ahistorical milieu conducive to democracy 有助于民主制度的汗青配景
【近】 ambient, atmosphere, climate, context, environment, environs, medium, setting, surroundings, terrain
【考法 1】 adj. 军事的,军用的: of or relating to soldiers, arms, or war
【例】 NATO struggles with how to proceed military operation against Libya. 北约就怎样连续针对利比亚的军事举动呈现了外部不同。‖an encyclopedia of modern military aircraft 古代军用飞行器百科全书
【近】 martial, service
【反】 civilian 民用的
nostalgia .
【考法 1】 n. 思乡之情: the state of being homesick
【例】 Overwhelmed by nostalgia, she started to cry. 被思乡之情吞没的她开端抽泣。
【近】 homesickness
【考法 2】 n. 怀旧,思念: a wistful or excessively sentimental yearning for return to or of some past period or irrecoverable condition
【例】 He felt a wave of nostalgia for the life he had left behind him. 他开端思念往昔的光阴。
【近】 reminiscence
【反】 oblivion 忘记
【派】 nostalgic adj. 怀旧的
【考法 1】 adj. 得到觉得的: devoid of sensation especially as a result of cold or anesthesia
【例】 I have been sitting in the same position for too long and now my feet are numb. 我一个姿态坐得太久,以致于双腿都发麻了。
【近】 asleep, benumbed, dead, insensitive, numbed, torpid, unfeeling
【反】 feeling, sensible, sensitive 有觉得的
【考法 2】 adj. 麻痹的,无情感的: devoid of emotion
【例】 Apparently in shock, he answered the police officer's questions with a numb expression on his face. 她显然是遭到了惊吓,以致于在答复警官的题目时一脸茫然。‖Years of physical and emotional abuse had rendered the woman numb and withdrawn. 终年累月的肉体和肉体上的折磨已让她麻痹而寡言。
【近】 affectless, apathetic, catatonic, deadpan, emotionless, impassible, passionless, phlegmatic, stoic, stolid
【反】 demonstrative, emotional, fervent, fervid, impassioned, passionate, vehement 充溢情感的
【考法 1】 n. 严厉的磨练: a severe trial or experience
【例】 The hikers were finally rescued after a three-day ordeal in the wilderness. 在田野渡过了三天的严厉磨练之后,爬山者终于得救了。
【近】 calvary, crucible, fire, gauntlet
【反】 delight, enjoyment, pleasure 令人痛快的事物
【考法 1】 adj. 外表上的,佯装的: appearing to be true on the basis of evidence that may or may not be confirmed
【例】 It must be the ostensible reason for their visit while their actual motives may be malignant 这一定只是他们上门访问的外表缘由,他们面前的动机说不定恶劣至极。
【近】 apparent, assumed, evident, ostensive, presumed, putative, reputed, seeming, supposed, prima facie
【反】 actual, real 真实的
【派】 ostensibly adv. 外表上地
outgrowth .
【考法 1】 n. 后果,结果: a condition or occurrence traceable to a cause
【例】 Crime is often an outgrowth of poverty. 立功每每可以归因于贫苦。‖A predictable outgrowth of the suburb's ever growing population will be the need for more schools. 郊区生齿攀升所招致的一个可以预见的结果便是需求更多的学校。
【近】 aftereffect, aftermath, consequence, fate, fruit, outcome, precipitate, product, result, sequel, sequence
【反】 antecedent, cause, occasion, reason 缘由;origin, root, source 源头
outmoded .
【考法 1】 adj. 过期的,废弃的: no longer acceptable, current, or usable
【例】 outmoded computers that can be recycled 可供接纳的废旧电脑
【近】 antiquated, archaic, demoded, fossilized, moribund, moth-eaten, obsolete, outworn, prehistoric , rusty
【反】 contemporary, current, modern 古代的,今世的
override .
【考法 1】 vt. 掉臂: to set aside
【例】 The Congress overrode the President's veto and passed the law. 国会掉臂总统的反对,强行经过了那项法则。‖He overrode all opposition to his plans. 他对一切的支持意见漠不关心。
【近】 disregard, ignore, neglect, overlook, overpass, pass over
【反】 comply, observe 恪守
overwhelm .
【考法 1】 vt. 吞没: to cover with or as if with a flood
【例】 That spring the massive runoff from melting snows overwhelmed the valley. 谁人春天,整个乡村被融雪构成的激流淹没了。
【近】 deluge, drown, engulf, inundate, overflow, submerge, submerse, swamp
【反】 drain 抽干
【考法 2】 vt. (情感上、肉体上)使莫衷一是,使难以接受: to subject to incapacitating emotional or mental
【例】 Just the thought of how much work there is to do overwhelms me. 仅仅是想想另有几多任务没完成绩简直让我喘不外气了。
【近】 devastate, oppress, overcome, overmaster, overpower, prostrate, whelm
【反】 relieve 使舒缓
【派】 overwhelming adj. 势不行挡的,无法顺从的

重点单词   检查全部表明    
traceable ['treisəbl]


adj. 来源于;可追踪的;可描画的

emotional [i'məuʃənl]


adj. 情感的,心情的

overlook [.əuvə'luk]


vt. 俯瞰,远眺,没留意到,无视
n. 超过跨过

confirmed [kən'fə:md]


adj. 习气的,积习的,确认过的,证明的 动词conf

obsolete ['ɔbsəli:t]


adj. 已废弃的,过期的

outmoded ['aut'məudid]


adj. 过期的 动词outmode的过来式和过来分词形

ignore [ig'nɔ:]


vt. 掉臂,不睬,无视

neglect [ni'glekt]


vt. 无视,忽略,疏忽
n. 忽略,无视

trial ['traiəl]


adj. 实验性的; 审问的
n. 实验,高兴

devastate ['devəsteit]


vt. 破坏,使震惊